Difference between revisions of "Mesh/WalkThrough"

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updated with v.0.3 autoconf instructions
(updated with v.0.3 autoconf instructions)
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Congratulations on choosing to become part of a People's Open Network! This is a walkthrough for flashing a node (a home router) with the SudoMesh's sudowrt-firmware (a custom build of OpenWRT) and then configuring it with makenode (a custom javascript tool developed by SudoMesh). At the end of the walkthrough, you'll be able to plug in your router and join the mesh. The walkthrough assumes you're using a linux-ish OS (mac OSX should work also) and that you have [https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UsingTheTerminal basic knowledge of the terminal]. The general idea of building your own mesh node consists of three steps, [[#Download/Build|downloading or compiling]] custom firmware, [[#Flash/Upload|flashing that firmware]] to the node (i.e. copying firmware to [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_memory flash memory]), and [[#makenode/Configure|configuring the node]] to function as part of a mesh (with a software tool such as makenode).
Congratulations on choosing to become part of a People's Open Network! This is a walkthrough for flashing a node (a home router) with Sudo Mesh's sudowrt-firmware (a custom build of OpenWRT) and then configuring it with makenode (a custom javascript tool developed by Sudo Mesh). At the end of the walkthrough, you'll be able to plug in your router and join the mesh. The walkthrough assumes you're using a linux-ish OS (mac OSX should work also) and that you have [https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UsingTheTerminal basic knowledge of the terminal]. The general idea of building your own mesh node consists of three steps, [[#Download/Build|downloading or compiling]] custom firmware, [[#Flash/Upload|flashing that firmware]] to the node (i.e. copying firmware to [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flash_memory flash memory]), and [[#makenode/Configure|configuring the node]] to function as part of a mesh (with a software tool such as makenode).


Before you flash your router, it is recommended that you read the [[Home and extender nodes#Home_nodes|home node info]] to find out the router works as a mesh node.
Before you flash your router, it is recommended that you read the [[Home and extender nodes#Home_nodes|home node info]] to ensure your router works as a mesh node.


= Download/Build =
= Download/Build =
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! Name !! OpenWRT Doc !! Firmware Image
! Name !! OpenWRT Doc !! Firmware Image
|-
|-
| Western Digital MyNet N600 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/wd/n600 OpenWRT Docs] || [https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/dispossessed/0.3.0/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin latest] [https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3] [https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
| Western Digital MyNet N600 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/wd/n600 OpenWRT Docs] || '''[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/dispossessed/0.3.0/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin latest]''' [https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3] [https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n600-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
|-
|-
| Western Digital MyNet N750 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/wd/n750 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
| Western Digital MyNet N750 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/wd/n750 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin latest]  
'''[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin latest]'''
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-mynet-n750-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
|-
|-
| TP-Link WDR3500 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/tp-link/tl-wdr3500 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
| TP-Link WDR3500 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/tp-link/tl-wdr3500 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin latest]  
'''[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin latest]'''
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2] [https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2] [https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3500-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
|-
|-
| TP-Link WDR3600 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/tp-link/tl-wdr3600 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
| TP-Link WDR3600 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/tp-link/tl-wdr3600 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin latest]  
'''[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin latest]'''
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr3600-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]
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|-
|-
| TP-Link WDR4300 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/tp-link/tl-wdr4300 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
| TP-Link WDR4300 || [https://wiki.openwrt.org/toh/tp-link/tl-wdr4300 OpenWRT Docs] ||  
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin latest]  
'''[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin latest]'''
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://zenodo.org/record/1205601/files/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.3]
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
[https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.2/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.2][https://builds.sudomesh.org/builds/sudowrt/fledgling/0.2.0/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wdr4300-v1-squashfs-factory.bin 0.2.0]  
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Alternatively, you can build your own copy of the firmware images by following the guide in the [https://github.com/sudomesh/sudowrt-firmware sudowrt-firmware source].
Alternatively, you can build your own copy of the firmware images by following the guide in the [https://github.com/sudomesh/sudowrt-firmware sudowrt-firmware source].


If you do not want to use a SudoMesh's OpenWRT image, you can also install [https://downloads.openwrt.org/ a standard OpenWRT] release and configure it from scratch.
If you do not want to use Sudo Mesh's OpenWRT image, you can also install [https://downloads.openwrt.org/ a standard OpenWRT] release and configure it from scratch.


= Flash/Upload =
= Flash/Upload =
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Note: Sometimes the firmware upload will not complete. After you click on 'Upload' You should get a page with a countdown of 120+ seconds. If this does not occur, reboot the router with the pin reset button depressed (as noted above), and try again.
Note: Sometimes the firmware upload will not complete. After you click on 'Upload' You should get a page with a countdown of 120+ seconds. If this does not occur, reboot the router with the pin reset button depressed (as noted above), and try again.


= makenode/Configure =
= Configure =
After flashing sudowrt-firmware to your router you will need to configure it to work on a People's Open Network
A freshly flashed node automatically sets its IP address to 172.30.0.xx. You will need to configure your laptop to use the following network settings to communicate with the node:
* unless you installed [https://github.com/sudomesh/sudowrt-firmware/releases/tag/0.3.0 release 0.3.0] for myNet N600 routers which auto configures & you are done. See [https://github.com/sudomesh/sudowrt-firmware/pull/132 proposal for sudowrt 0.3.0] for more info.
 
== Reconfigure your computer's network settings ==
A freshly flashed node automatically sets its IP address to 172.30.0.1. You will need to configure your laptop to use the following network settings to communicate with the node.


* IP address: 172.30.0.10  
* IP address: 172.30.0.10  
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See Network Configuration Guides: [https://sudoroom.org/wiki/Mesh/Network%20Configuration%20for%20Linux Linux] [https://sudoroom.org/wiki/Mesh/Network%20Configuration%20for%20MacOS%20X Mac]
See Network Configuration Guides: [https://sudoroom.org/wiki/Mesh/Network%20Configuration%20for%20Linux Linux] [https://sudoroom.org/wiki/Mesh/Network%20Configuration%20for%20MacOS%20X Mac]


To test that the flashing was successful, feel free to try connecting to your unconfigured router by opening a browser and navigating to http://172.30.0.1
== Autoconf (v.0.3.0) ==
You can SSH into the node as root using the password 'meshtheplanet'. If the flash was successfull you should be brought to the following screen:
Connect your newly-flashed MyNet N600 to your existing Internet router via ethernet from your existing router's LAN port to your new node's Internet port. Wait a few minutes for your new node to connect to the Internet and obtain its private IP address, then try connecting to your unconfigured router by opening a browser and navigating to http://172.30.0.1
 
If the flash was successful you should be brought to the following screen:


[[File:Peoplesopen-dash.png|thumb|center|upright=2]]
[[File:Peoplesopen-dash.png|thumb|center|upright=2]]


Here you can:
* Set the amount of downstream and upstream bandwidth you're willing to share (default is set to 4096kb, or roughly 4 megabits/second)
* Set your private SSID and password via the 'WIFi Settings' tab
** NOTE: When you first set your private SSID name and hit 'Save', you will have to reconnect to the newly-named SSID using the original default password ('meshtheworld') and then reconnect again with the new password after setting it in the dashboard
[[File:WifiSettings.png]]
* See all devices connected to your node via the 'Connections' tab:
[[File:Connections.png]]
You can also SSH into the node as root using the password 'meshtheplanet' after connecting to the router either via the private SSID 'pplsopen-admin' (password 'meshtheworld') or by connecting an ethernet cable from your laptop to port 3 on the node:
[[File:Nodeports.png]]
Unless you installed [https://github.com/sudomesh/sudowrt-firmware/releases/tag/0.3.0 release 0.3.0] for myNet N600 routers which autoconfigures, you will now need to use makenode ([[##Makenode|instructions further down]]) after flashing the sudowrt-firmware to your router to configure it to work on People's Open Network.
== Makenode (v.0.2.3 and earlier) ==
After you have successfully flashed your router with OpenWRT, you will need to use [https://github.com/sudomesh/makenode makenode] to complete the setup. makenode registers your node on the peoplesopen network, resulting in the assignment of a 64 IPv4 address subnet to your node, in addition to applying basic configuration.
After you have successfully flashed your router with OpenWRT, you will need to use [https://github.com/sudomesh/makenode makenode] to complete the setup. makenode registers your node on the peoplesopen network, resulting in the assignment of a 64 IPv4 address subnet to your node, in addition to applying basic configuration.


== Preparing your laptop for makenode ==
=== Install Dependencies ===
You first will need to install the dependencies for [https://github.com/sudomesh/makenode makenode].


You will need to install the dependencies for [https://github.com/sudomesh/makenode makenode].
==== Linux ====
 
=== Linux ===


If you are working with a fresh installation of one of the operating systems listed in the compatibility checklist, you will need to install a few pieces of software.  
If you are working with a fresh installation of one of the operating systems listed in the compatibility checklist, you will need to install a few pieces of software.  
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   nvm install 7.10
   nvm install 7.10


==== OS Compatibility checklist ====
===== OS Compatibility checklist =====


{| class="wikitable"
{| class="wikitable"
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|}
|}


=== Mac ===
==== Mac ====


Install the [http://brew.sh/ Homebrew] package manager, then install the required binaries.
Install the [http://brew.sh/ Homebrew] package manager, then install the required binaries.
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   brew install iproute2mac
   brew install iproute2mac


=== Windows 10 (Experimental)===
==== Windows 10 (Experimental)====


'''Note: Windows is not currently recommened for setting up a node due to Dropbear not supporting Windows. What follows is instructions for Windows Subsytem for Linux.'''
'''Note: Windows is not currently recommened for setting up a node due to Dropbear not supporting Windows. What follows is instructions for Windows Subsytem for Linux.'''
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Follow Linux [[Mesh/WalkThrough#Linux | instructions]] for installing Dropbear and dependencies.
Follow Linux [[Mesh/WalkThrough#Linux | instructions]] for installing Dropbear and dependencies.


== Install and run makenode ==
=== Install and run makenode ===
 
From your terminal, run the following:
From your terminal, run the following:


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= Testing =
= Testing =


After you're finished with the makenode configuration, your home node should be available for connections via your private WiFi SSID. Additionally the public SSID 'peoplesopen.net' will be available.  
After you're finished with the flashing and configuration, your home node should be available for connections via your private WiFi SSID. Additionally the public SSID 'peoplesopen.net' will be available. It should also be populated on the [https://peoplesopen.herokuapp.com monitor]!


A third interface named 'pplsopen.net-node2node' will be detectable as well. This is the interface used for the nodes to mesh with each other.
A third interface named 'pplsopen.net-node2node' will be detectable as well. This is the interface used for the nodes to mesh with each other.
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If you happen to come across a TP-Link router, such as a WDR4300, you may discover that the above instructions absolutely do not work. This is especially true if the router has previously been flashed with the sudowrt firmware (or any kind of OpenWRT or DD-WRT?). If you find yourself attempting to reflash a TP-Link router, you will first need to reset the router to its factory default firmware. Luckily, redconfetti has provided instructions on how to do this, http://www.rubycoloredglasses.com/2016/04/tp-link-wdr4300-recovery/ (TODO, test/update these instructions and copy them to this wiki)
If you happen to come across a TP-Link router, such as a WDR4300, you may discover that the above instructions absolutely do not work. This is especially true if the router has previously been flashed with the sudowrt firmware (or any kind of OpenWRT or DD-WRT?). If you find yourself attempting to reflash a TP-Link router, you will first need to reset the router to its factory default firmware. Luckily, redconfetti has provided instructions on how to do this, http://www.rubycoloredglasses.com/2016/04/tp-link-wdr4300-recovery/ (TODO, test/update these instructions and copy them to this wiki)


Next, updload the sudort-firmware manually through the router's gui? Presumably, I haven't gotten that far yet...
Next, upload the sudort-firmware manually through the router's gui? Presumably, I haven't gotten that far yet...


After that, makenode should just work right?
After that, makenode should just work right?
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